$P$ : regular work is done.
$Q$ : the course is passed.
The material implication, $( Q\to P)$, that is "regular work is done if the course is passed," is quite reasonably interpreted as stating "regular work is necessary to pass the course". (Also written as $P\gets Q$ though not often.)
However, saying "not necessary" is problematic in classic predicate logic. The simple negation, $\neg(Q\to P)$, is (classically) equivalent to $\neg P\wedge Q$, which is "regular work is not done yet the course is passed." Yet we merely want to assert that this may happen, rather than that it will happen; that it is "possible".
Trying to express a negation duality between "necessarily" and "possibly" is exactly the inspiration for developing "modal logics".
"It is not necessarily so that regular work is done whenever the course is passed", "It is possibly so that regular work is not done yet the course is passed."
$$\neg\Box(Q\to P)\iff \Diamond(\neg P\wedge Q)$$