I am looking for a book that shows the history of mathematics, and how did mathematicians came up with some of the greatest mathematical ideas. For instance, the concept of integration and differentiation, how did they came up with it, and other concepts as well. A book that would show me how those ideas were formed.
Analysis by Its History by Ernst Hairer and Gerhard Wanner is a great book, I have read it and it kept me interested the whole time.
They truly go through the whole history of mathematics, especially integration and differentiation, logarithms, foundations of calculus, computational methods etc.
great book you have the history of some mathematician and some of their work also if you want to check their proof
Also the author is well known ..