I have a very simple combinatorics problem, and I am (almost) sure I did this right. However, the smartest guy in my class thinks different and this made me doubt, so I will post our views to this problem and I would like to know who is right.
In how many different ways can 10 people be seated around a round table, under the condition that there are 5 man and 5 women, and no two males or two females can be seated adjacently.
We number the chairs in an arbitrary way, so the chair numbering is fixed. At chair $1$, there is seated either a man or a woman, which given $2$ possibilities. When we observe the gender of the person in the first chair, the division of the table over the two genders in given. Then there are $5!$ ways to seat the men over the $5$ male chairs and $5!$ ways to seat the women over the $5$ female chairs. So in total this gives $2.(5!)^2$ possibilities.
My classmates view
First all males are seated, which is possible in $5!$ ways. Because no males can sit adjacently and the people are seated in a circle, we can rotate the table and in this way we count all possibilities 5 times too much, so $5!/5=4!$ ways to seat the man. After this, the table division is fixed, but we still have to seat the women. This gives another $5!$ ways, so in total $5!4!$ ways.
What I think is wrong with this view
I don't think the argument about rotation of the table makes any sense. The argument can make sense though, if we use exactly my classmate's argument, but acknowledge that the first person to be seated can be any of the $10$ people, so giving an extra $10$ possibilities. Then proceed as my classmate, giving the same answer as me. However, my classmate does not agree. So who is right?
Also, if we use our arguments to the same problem but a table of $2$ people, one male, one female, there are obviously $2$ possibilities. Then my method gives $2.(1!)^2=2$ possibilities, but my classmate's method gives only $1!0!=1$ possibility.
I think the main problem is in different interpretations of the problem, where my interpretation is that it matters who sit at 'chair 1' while my classmates thinks that only the ordering of the people matters. However, given only the above problem, what would be the right interpretation, or is this ambiguous?