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I don't really have much a reason for giving this question other than curiosity. I am looking to evaluate

$$\int_{0}^\infty \sin\left(\frac{1}{x}\right)\sin\left(x^2\right)\,dx$$

Using the complex definition of $\sin(x)$ doesn't seem to work, nor can I give a reasonable differentiating under the integral sign. Also, it doesn't seem Wolfram Alpha has a closed answer, but I would be curious to see if there is one.

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  • $\begingroup$ Wolfram indicates a closed form using the Meijer G-function... However your function seems not integrable, you must consider the principal value. $\endgroup$ – Phoenix Jan 3 '18 at 4:11
  • $\begingroup$ This may or may not help, but have you considered using the basic trig identity $\sin(A)\sin(B) = \frac{1}{2}\left[\cos(A - B) + \cos(A + B) \right]$ to yield $\sin(1/x)\sin(x^2) = (1/2)(\cos(1/x - x^2) + \cos(1/x + x^2))$ As before, may not be of help $\endgroup$ – user150203 Nov 20 '18 at 1:46
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This is too long for a comment.

Just out of curiosity, I used a CAS to see what could be the result of $$I_{p,q}=\int_{0}^\infty \sin(\frac{1}{x^p})\sin(x^q)dx$$ and observed (for limited ranges of $p$ and $q$) that, if $p\neq q$, the result is either a Meijer G-function (as Phoenix already commented) or a nasty linear combination of hypergoemetric functions.

To my surprise, the very first cases where $p=q$ leads to quite simple results $$I_{1,1}=\frac{\pi }{2}J_1(2)$$ $$I_{2,2}=\frac{1}{4} \sqrt{\frac{\pi }{2}} \left(\frac{1}{e^2}+\sin (2)-\cos (2)\right)$$ $$I_{3,3}=\frac{1}{6} \left(\pi \left(J_{\frac{1}{3}}(2)-J_{-\frac{1}{3}}(2)\right)+\sqrt{3} K_{\frac{1}{3}}(2)\right)$$ $$I_{4,4}=-\frac{\sqrt{2+\sqrt{2}}}{16} \left(\sqrt{2} \pi \left(J_{-\frac{1}{4}}(2)-J_{\frac{1}{4}}(2)\right)-2 K_{\frac{1}{4}}(2)\right)$$ where appear Bessel functions.

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    $\begingroup$ The simple expression for $I_{2,2}$ follows from the Glasser's master formula. While $I_{1,1}$ is a consequence of integral representation of bessel function. $\endgroup$ – pisco Jan 3 '18 at 5:04
  • $\begingroup$ @pisco125. Thanks for the interesting comment ! $\endgroup$ – Claude Leibovici Jan 3 '18 at 5:06
  • $\begingroup$ Thanks for the thoughts! $\endgroup$ – Tom Himler Jan 3 '18 at 15:46

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