# Analytic Decay Rate of Polynomial-Gaussian Product

Any analytic techniques I can use to solve this problem?

I'm basically looking for some scale for which this function decays:

$$f(x)=x^k e^{-\frac{x^2}{4\lambda^2}}$$ I'm currently trying the following method: The maximum of the function (for positive domain) is at $x_0=\sqrt{2k}\lambda$. Normalizing the function and setting it to the folding distance (such that the value of the function decays to $\frac{1}{e}$ times the maximum): $$\frac{x^k e^{-\frac{x^2}{4\lambda^2}}}{(\sqrt{2k}\lambda)^k e^{-k/2}}=\frac{1}{e} \\ x^k e^{-\frac{x^2}{4\lambda^2}}=(\sqrt{2k}\lambda)^k e^{-\frac{k+2}{2}} \\ k\ln{x}-\frac{x^2}{4\lambda^2}=k\ln{(\sqrt{2k}\lambda)}-\frac{k}{2}-1$$ Which I believe isn't solvable analytically... Any approximations or other techniques that could be used here?

Looking at the last equation you wrote, it seems that you want to solve for $x$ an equation looking like $$\log(x)-a x^2=b$$ The only analytical solution is given in terms of Lambert function.
Assuming that $x >0$, let $y=x^2$ making the equation $$\frac 12\log(y)-a y=b$$ and the solution is given by $$y=-\frac{1}{2 a}W\left(-2 a e^{2 b}\right)$$ Sooner or later, you will learn that any equation which can write as $A+B x+C \log(D+Ex)=0$ has solution(s) in terms of Lambert function.