Does any FORMAL theory of simplicity assert that “5+1+4+4 = 14” is “simpler” than “6+5+1+1+1 = 14” [closed]

I) I have tagged "root-systems" and "algebraic-groups" in this question because: i) the UNSTATED background context for the question involves the root-system of $E_8$; ii) the integer 14 plays an obvious and important role in the internal structure of this root-system.

II) This question is closely related to Jyrki Lahtonen's comment on this question:

Any Existing Time-Division Multiplexing Algorithm in which Slot-Allocation is Governed by the $E_8$ Root System?

and in particular, to the link which he provided in this comment to an "executive summary" of some past work of his.

III) This question is further developed by the more recent post here:

Simplest AND largest SUBSET of the $E_8$ root-lattice using only choices (up to 3 dups allowed) of {1,2,4,5,6,9,10,14} which sum to 14?

Background:

To complete our project, my team must evaluate the energetics associated with various decompositions of the integer 14, e.g.

$10+4$

$6+4+4$

$5+1+4+4$

$6+5+1+1+1$

In addition, since we are dealing here with biomolecular energetics, it is reasonable to hypothesize that evolution's process of natural selection INITIALLY chose energetics associated with the "simplest" sum "$10+4$" and then only later chose the progressively less simple sums ($6+4+4$, then $5+1+4+4$, then $6+5+1+1$).

Question:

This evolutionary hypothesis of course makes the assumption that the sum "$10+4$" IS actually somehow "simpler" in a formal sense than the sum "$6+4+4$".

So, does any FORMAL theory of simplicity actually assert that the four sums above can be ranked in terms of their relative simplicity in the obvious way?

If so, please explain in layman's terms and provide a link as well.

Thank you as always for whatever time you can afford to spend considering this matter.

closed as primarily opinion-based by Matthew Towers, jgon, Stefan4024, Brian Borchers, LeucippusDec 12 '17 at 0:15

Many good questions generate some degree of opinion based on expert experience, but answers to this question will tend to be almost entirely based on opinions, rather than facts, references, or specific expertise. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

Since "simple" and "simplest" do not have explicit definitions in ordinary arithmetic, you are free to define them in any consistent way and then do mathematics with those definitions. In your case you seem to want "simpler" to mean "with fewer summands". That's a perfectly respectable definition. Of course you'll need to deal with the fact that neither of the representations $14 = 10 + 4$ and $14 = 9 + 5$ is simpler than the other. The "simplest" expression for $14$ would be $14$.