I am having difficulties in understanding how can I show this:

Consider a cooperative game with 3 players and a superadditive function $v(S)$

If the game has non empty core the inequality holds:


I cannot understand how can I show the above without having values.

Can anyone give me a tip in how to start?



If the core is nonempty for a $n$-person game, then it holds

$$v(S) \ge x(S) = \sum_{i \in S}\,x_{i} \qquad S \subseteq N.$$

Thus, we have

$$v(1,2) \ge x(1,2) = x_{1}+x_{2}\qquad v(1,3) \ge x(1,3) = x_{1}+x_{3}\qquad v(2,3) \ge x(2,3) = x_{2}+x_{3}.$$

Adding up these relations, we have

$$v(1,2)+v(1,3)+v(2,3) \ge 2*(x_{1}+x_{2}+x_{3})= 2*v(N),$$

with $x_{1}+x_{2}+x_{3} = x(N) = v(N)$.

  • $\begingroup$ Hi, I do not understand where the 2 in $2*(x_1+x_2+x_3)$ comes from. Can you clarify? $\endgroup$ – user290335 Nov 30 '17 at 17:12
  • $\begingroup$ I have clarified the answer on your request. $\endgroup$ – Holger I. Meinhardt Nov 30 '17 at 17:16
  • $\begingroup$ Makes sense now, than you very much for your help. $\endgroup$ – user290335 Nov 30 '17 at 17:22

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