I am looking for n-ellipse parametric equation. n-ellipse is an equidistant curve from n foci.


The implicit equation is provided in the document:


The Theorem 2.1.

And also just would like to share my maple code for this (3 points):

interface(rtablesize = 20)


M := proc (u, v) options operator, arrow; Matrix(2, 2, [[x-u, y-v], [y-v, -x+u]]) end proc

M1 := M(u1, v1)

M2 := M(u2, v2)

M3 := M(u3, v3)

I2 := IdentityMatrix(2, 2)

U8 := KroneckerProduct(KroneckerProduct(M1, I2), I2)+KroneckerProduct(KroneckerProduct(I2, M2), I2)+KroneckerProduct(KroneckerProduct(I2, I2), M3)

D8 := K*IdentityMatrix(8, 8)

H8 := D8+U8

So the result for this particular 3-point case is:

Matrix(8, 8, [[K+3*x-u1-u2-u3, y-v3, y-v2, 0, y-v1, 0, 0, 0], [y-v3, K+x-u1-u2+u3, 0, y-v2, 0, y-v1, 0, 0], [y-v2, 0, K-u1+u2+x-u3, y-v3, 0, 0, y-v1, 0], [0, y-v2, y-v3, K-u1+u2-x+u3, 0, 0, 0, y-v1], [y-v1, 0, 0, 0, K+u1-u2+x-u3, y-v3, y-v2, 0], [0, y-v1, 0, 0, y-v3, K+u1-u2-x+u3, 0, y-v2], [0, 0, y-v1, 0, y-v2, 0, K-x+u1+u2-u3, y-v3], [0, 0, 0, y-v1, 0, y-v2, y-v3, K-3*x+u1+u2+u3]])

  • 1
    $\begingroup$ Thanks for attracting our attention to this interesting paper. Your question concerning a parametric representation of an n-ellipse can find an answer in (math.stackexchange.com/q/3329) (using the y=mx "trick" for example) $\endgroup$ – Jean Marie Nov 30 '17 at 12:33

This is not an answer, but a complement ; I believe it can bring a supplementary light about these analytical expressions for ''eierkurven" which are amazingly expressible by using Kronecker sums and products.

As in your example, $K$ is the parameter that designates the sum of distances to the 3 fixed points $A_1, A_2, A_3$.

You will find here two figures:

  • First figure : $A_1(0,0), A_2(0,3), A_3(4,0)$ (forming a right triangle) $K=7$ in blue, $K=8$ in red. Note that it is only the small loops which constitute the locii : the remaining parts of the curves, looking a little like borromean rings cannot be separated in a direct way. Note that curve $C_7$ (corresponding to $K=7$) passes through $A_1$ and curve $C_8$ passes through $A_2$. See Matlab code, very similar to yours, at the bottom.

enter image description here

  • Second figure : $A_1(-3,-2), A_2(2,-2), A_3(0,2).$ From $K=8$ (closed blue curve) to $K=14$ (closed red curve). The other branches are not part of the locci enter image description here

Matlab program for the first figure (I include it because a certain number of SE users work with this environment) :

 clear all;close all;hold on;
 a=13;axis([-a,a,-a,a]);axis equal
 syms x y
 M=@(u,v)([x y ; y -x]-[u v ; v -u]);
 for K=7:8

Remark: there is a certain parallel (not intended pun) with the so-called "offset curves", as can be found for example in (https://documat.unirioja.es/descarga/articulo/3217873.pdf), a typical example being that a second degree curve such as an ellipse as a parallel curve which is as well with degree 8 !


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