# $G$ connected planar graph, less than 12 vertices, then $\chi (G) \leq 4$

The problem is:

Let $G$ be a connected planar graph with less than 12 vertices. a) Prove that G has a vertex with degree $\leq 4$. b) Prove that $\chi (G) \leq 4$. (Do not use the Four Color Theorem)

I did prove part a) satisfactorily I think at least =/

My question is about part b).

I am thinking showing part b) by contradiction may work. I am thinking perhaps something concerning a particular vertex with degree at most $4$, deleting this vertex, showing a $4$ coloring is still possibly, any hints? =/

I am also thinking I could use Euler's Formula but I am not sure of how I would relate $n+r-e=2$ back to the chromatic number.

(I should have stated it said to do the problem without the four color theorem)

Assume by contradiction that this is not true. Pick a planar graph which is not $$4$$ colorable, and has at most 11 vetices, with the smallest number of vertices
Now, by the previous part, this graph has a vertex of degree at most $$4$$. Remove that vertex. The smaller graph is 4 colorable.
• Two bugs: (a) "at most 12 vetices" -> "at most 11 vertices". (E.g. the icosahedron is an example of a 5-regular 12-vertex planar graph.) (b) "has a vertex of degree $4$" -> "has a vertex of degree at most $4$". Aug 18, 2013 at 7:08