Elliptic parallel property: Given a line $L$ and a point $a\notin L$, there exist no lines parallel to $L$ passing through $a$.
Euclidean parallel property: Given a line $L$ and a point $a\notin L$, there exists exactly one line parallel to $L$ passing through $a$.
Hyperbolic parallel property: Given a line $L$ and a point $a\notin L$, there exist at least two lines parallel to $L$ passing through $a$.
Note that each of these properties states existence of particular number of parallel lines for every line $L$ and every point $a\notin L$. It means that negation of one of these properties does not imply one of the other two without additional assumptions.
As you know, the whole set of Hilbert's axioms describes Euclidean geometry. If we replace parallel postulate with it's negation we get hyperbolic geometry. In other words, assuming Hilbert's axioms for neutral geometry (i.e. without parallel postulate or its negation) we can prove that euclidean or hyperbolic parallel property holds. However, the proof relies on congruence and continuity axioms. What if we omit congruence and continuity axioms and restrict only to incidence and order? Can we then prove the existence of at least one parallel line to a given line passing through a given point? Or there is a model of ordered geometry in which there exist a line $L$, point $a\notin L$ and no lines parallel to $L$ passing through $a$ ? We can ask even more: Does there exist a model of ordered geometry in which elliptic parallel property holds?
EDIT. Apparently the answer to my question is in Veblen's paper "A system of axioms for geometry". On page 370 he proves the existence of at least one parallel line using only order and continuity axioms (no congruence and parallel axioms). On page 348 he provides a model for ordered geometry (without continuity axioms) in which elliptic property holds.
You can find the paper here: https://archive.org/details/jstor-1986462