$(e_1,e_2,..)$ is not a Schauder basis of $\ell^\infty$ [duplicate]

Show that $(e_1,e_2,...)$ is not a Schauder basis of $\ell^\infty$ where $e_i$ is the vector in $\mathbb R^\infty$ with 1 in the ith coordinate and 0 elsewhere and $\ell^\infty=\{(x_1,x_2,...)|x_i\in \mathbb R ~~and ~~ \|x\|_\infty<\infty\} ,\|x\|_\infty=\sup\{|x_1|,|x_2|,...\}$

I am wondering how to prove it and why this statement is true. Actually I think it is a basis since for any given vector $(x_1,x_2,...)=x_1e_1+x_2e_2+...$.

I already proved that $(e_1,e_2,...)$ is a Schauder basis of $\ell^p$ where p>1. I just can't see what changes when it comes to the case of $\ell^\infty$

marked as duplicate by Wojowu, Daniel Fischer functional-analysis StackExchange.ready(function() { if (StackExchange.options.isMobile) return; $('.dupe-hammer-message-hover:not(.hover-bound)').each(function() { var$hover = $(this).addClass('hover-bound'),$msg = $hover.siblings('.dupe-hammer-message');$hover.hover( function() { $hover.showInfoMessage('', { messageElement:$msg.clone().show(), transient: false, position: { my: 'bottom left', at: 'top center', offsetTop: -7 }, dismissable: false, relativeToBody: true }); }, function() { StackExchange.helpers.removeMessages(); } ); }); }); Sep 28 '17 at 15:38

• Spaces with Schauder bases are separable. – David Mitra Sep 28 '17 at 12:24
• Or, directly, show that no sum $\sum_{i=1}^\infty \alpha_i e_i$ can converge to $(1,1,\ldots)$. – David Mitra Sep 28 '17 at 12:25
• @DavidMitra did you mean "... no sum $\sum_{i=1}^n \alpha_ie_i$ can converge..."? – TZakrevskiy Sep 28 '17 at 12:36
• @TZakrevskiy No? The infinite sum converges, of course, iff the sequence of partial sums does. – David Mitra Sep 28 '17 at 12:48
• @DavidMitra If every $\alpha_i=1$? – Zach Teitler Sep 28 '17 at 13:06

Proof by contradiction. Assume it is a Schauder basis. Then there are $a_1, \ldots, a_n \in \mathbb{R}$ such that $$\| a_1 e_1 + \ldots + a_n e_n - (1, 1, 1, \ldots) \| < \frac{1}{2}$$

But $a_1 e_1 + \ldots + a_n e_n = (a_1, a_2, \ldots, a_n, 0, 0, \ldots)$. Thus $$\| a_1 e_1 + \ldots + a_n e_n - (1, 1, 1, \ldots) \| \geq \lvert0-1\rvert = 1$$ Contradiction.

• But the Schauder basis cannot apply to an infinite linear combination (infinite sums)? en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schauder_basis I cannot understand this... Many thanks. – Na'omi Apr 14 at 22:52

1.Show that, $(\mathbb R^\infty,\|\cdot\|_{\infty})$ is a Banach space
1. For $n\in\mathbb N$ set $$\mathbb R_n = \{x=(x_1,x_2,...)\in\mathbb R^\infty :x_i =0 ~~\text{if}~~i>n~i.e~x=(x_1,x_2,\cdots,x_n,0,0,\cdots)\}$$
Show that $\mathbb R_n$ is closed subspace of $(\mathbb R^\infty,\|\cdot\|_{\infty})$
2. Since $(e_1,e_2,..)$ is Schauder Basis, observe that, $$\mathbb R^\infty = \bigcup_{n\in\mathbb N}\mathbb R_n$$
3. From Baire Theorem's there exists $n_0$ such that, $\overset{\circ}{\mathbb R}_{n_0} \neq \emptyset$ that is there are $x_0\in \mathbb R^\infty$ and $r>0$ such that, $B(x_0,r)\subset\mathbb R_{n_0}$
5.Deduce from 4. that, $\mathbb R_{n_0}=\mathbb R^\infty$ contradiction.