If $X$ is an appropriate inverse of the nonsingular matrix $A\in \mathbb C^{n\times n}$ then two different measures of the quality of $X$ are $\|AX - I\|$ and $\|XA - I\|$. What is the largest factor by which these two quantities can differ ?


  • 1
    $\begingroup$ "appropriate inverse"? Do you mean, "approximate inverse"? $\endgroup$ Nov 19, 2012 at 22:37
  • $\begingroup$ Yes my mistace approximate inverse sorry $\endgroup$
    – user50017
    Nov 21, 2012 at 0:59

1 Answer 1


In the following i will make use of the sub-multiplicative property of matrix norms, i.e. if $A,B$ are matrices such that $AB$ exists, then $||AB|| \le ||A|| \cdot ||B||$ where $||\cdot||$ is a matrix norm.

Suppose that $A$ is invertible. Let $X$ be any $n \times n$ matrix. Then $||AX-I||=||A(X-A^{-1})||=||A(XA-I)A^{-1}|| \le ||A(XA-I)|| \cdot ||A^{-1}|| \le ||A|| \cdot ||XA-I|| \cdot ||A^{-1}||$ and so $\frac{||AX-I||}{||XA-I||} \le ||A|| \cdot ||A^{-1}|| = \kappa(A)$, where $\kappa(A)$ is the condition number of $A$.

By a similar argument you can show that $\frac{||XA-I||}{||AX-I||} \le \kappa(A)$ as well.


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