The letters in the word AARDVARK are printed on square pieces of cardboard with one letter per card.
The eight letters are placed in a hat and one letter is chosen at random. Find the following probabilities:
a) P(the letter chosen is a vowel given that the letter falls in the first half of the alphabet)
So this is a homework problem I'm having trouble with... the teacher has provided an answer (different from mine!) but not an explanation, and he'll be gone a while, so I'd like to know what I did wrong.
The probability that the letter falls in the first half of the alphabet is $5/8$, as there are 3 As, 1 D and 1 K.
The probability that the letter chosen is a vowel from AARDVARK is $3/8$.
Then using conditional probability, I get $(5/8)*(3/8) / (5/8) = (3/8)$. However, the answer is apparently $3/5$. What did I do wrong?