[Theorem] Dominated Convergence Theorem

Suppose $(f_n)$ measurable, $f_n \rightarrow f$ pointwise and there exists an integrable function $g$ such that $|f_n(x)| \leq g(x)$. Then $\int f = \lim_n \int f_n$.

Infact, $\int |f-f_n| \rightarrow 0$ as $n \rightarrow \infty$

So in class, we porved DCT using Fatou's Lemma.

we showed $\int |f-f_n| \rightarrow 0$ first and then by triangle inequality we got $\int f = \lim_n \int f_n$

Now I have to prove the following

Suppose $(f_n)$ are measurable, $f$ is integrable and $f_n \rightarrow f$ pointwise. Prove that if $\int|f_n| \rightarrow \int |f|$, then $\int |f-f_n| \rightarrow 0$

How can I prove this? I guess I have to use DCT somehow.

Also, I think if we prove this, we can claim $\int f = \lim_n \int f_n$ as we did in the proof of DCT. Is that right?

  • $\begingroup$ Nope, $f_n \in L^1$ is not given $\endgroup$
    – Andy
    Jun 22 '17 at 14:06
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ we must have $f_n \in L^1$ for all but finitely many $n$. Otherwise $\int |f_n| \to \int f$ makes no sense $\endgroup$ Jun 22 '17 at 14:11


First prove the following result.

If $f_n, g_n, f, g \in L^1$, $f_n \to f$ and $g_n \to g$ a.e., $|f_n| \leq g_n$ and $\int g_n \to \int g$, then $\int f_n \to f$.

Then apply this to your problem with $g_n = |f| + |f_n|$.


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