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In R. Shankar's "Principals of Quantum Mechanics" I've been asked, and have, proven that $$\delta(\mathrm f(x)) = \sum_i \frac{\delta(x-x_i)}{\left|\mathrm f'(x_i)\right|}$$ where $\mathrm f(x_i)=0$ for all $i$. So, for example: $$\delta(\sin x) = \sum_{n \in \mathbb Z} \frac{\delta(x-\pi n)}{\left|\cos(\pi n)\right|} = \sum_{n \in \mathbb Z} \frac{\delta(x-\pi n)}{\left|(-1)^n\right|} =\sum_{n \in \mathbb Z} \delta(x-\pi n)$$ That's all very nice - but I don't see the use of it, and there are no applications of the general result. (The $\delta(\sin x)$ example is my own.)

Is there any application of the result that you could share?

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One classic example is to consider $f(x) = x^2 - a^2$, which yields $f'(x) = 2 \, x$ and $$\delta(x^2 - a^2) = \frac{1}{2 \, |a|} \, \left( \delta(x-a) + \delta(x+a) \right). $$

Another example is $$\delta(\cosh(ax)) = \frac{1}{|a|} \, \sum_{k=-\infty}^{\infty} \delta\left(x - \frac{(2 \, k +1) \, \pi \, i}{2 \, a} \right).$$

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  • $\begingroup$ Thanks for the reply. I understand how the general result gives specific examples, e.g. $\delta(\sin x)$ in my original question. $$\delta(\sin x) = \sum_{n \in \mathbb Z} \delta(x-\pi n)$$ I'm more interested in the point of it. What can be done with the general result, or one of its specific examples besides just being able to say that $$\delta(\sin x) = \sum_{n \in \mathbb Z} \delta(x-\pi n)$$ $\endgroup$ – Fly by Night Jun 16 '17 at 17:52

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