Solving difficult equality involving logarithms and polynomial for $|p|<1$

Currently I am trying to solve the following equality for $|p|<1$:

$$p\left(\frac{-\ln(a)-\ln(1+\gamma p+p^2)+\ln(1-p+ap+\gamma p+p^2)}{1-p+\gamma p+p^2}\right)=a-1,$$

where $0<a<1$ and $\gamma > 0$.

I am doing this because I have a probability generating function which is given as a quotient, where the numerator is a difficult integral. In order to say something about the numerator, I am trying to find the root of the denominator. This gave me the equality shown above.

Honestly, I have no idea how to handle this. Does anybody have any idea?

Thank you in advance.

If you make the substitution $$\zeta := 1-p+\gamma p + p^2$$ your equation becomes $$\ln{\dfrac{\zeta+ap}{a(\zeta-p)}} = \dfrac{a-1}{p}\zeta.$$ using $\ln(a b) = \ln(a)\ln(b),\,\, \ln{\dfrac{a}{b}} = \ln(a)-\ln(b)$. Now let us substitute further $$\eta:= \dfrac{\zeta+ap}{a(\zeta-p)} \Leftrightarrow \zeta = \dfrac{ap(1+\eta)}{a\eta-1}$$ for $\zeta \neq p, 1 \neq a\eta$. If you substitute this in the second equation you get independent (explicitly) of $p$ equation: $$\ln{\eta} = a(a-1)\dfrac{1+\eta}{a\eta-1}\cdot$$ Now this equation can be solved approximately and you can get idea about the solutions graphically for different values of $a$ very easily. In the picture you see the graph for $a = 0.12$ u can calculate $p$ from the quadratic equation $$p^2 + p(\gamma-1) + 1 =\zeta$$ depending on $\gamma$.
Simulating over $a \in (0,1)$ seems to give that after $a \simeq 0.18$ there are no roots to this equation. Have also in mind that the case $\zeta = p$ should be considered separately.
• Thanks for the response. I redid your steps, but I think there is something wrong. When computing $\zeta$ I find $\frac{ap(\eta +1)}{1-a \eta}$. Would there still be an 'easy' root then? – Zdenek Rovnez May 17 '17 at 21:13
• @ZdenekRovnez Yes, you are right. It is even $\dfrac{ap(\eta+1)}{a\eta-1}$ :) In this way I don't see a nice root. Moreover, as you can see from my answer after a certain point there is no solution to the equation.. – Veliko May 17 '17 at 21:37