# Limit of $\frac{n!}{n^n}$ via the Sandwich/Squeeze Theorem. [closed]

I need to find the limit as $\lim_{n\to\infty}\frac{n!}{n^n}$ via the Sandwich/Squeeze Theorem.

I've been stuck on this for a while as I can't say either the numerator or denominator is bound.

Edit: I'm sorry that I wasn't more explicit when I posted this, I hadn't used this site before this question. The reason why I have to use the above theorem is because it's a question set in one of university problem sheets and I've honestly been stuck on it for several weeks. My only real attempt to solve it was: $$\lim_{n \to \infty}\frac{n!}{n^n}$$ $$0\le\frac{1}{n^n}\le1$$ $$0\le\frac{n!}{n^n}\le n!$$ $$\lim_{n\to\infty}0\le\lim_{n\to\infty}\frac{n!}{n^n}\le\lim_{n\to\infty}n!$$ Which leaves the issue that $\lim_{n\to\infty}n!$ is undefined, so the middle limit isn't bound, and so I can't make the final conclusive statement. All my other attempts were just as unsuccessful as this one. I already know that the limit is zero, but because the question states that I must use the Sandwich/Squeeze theorem, I'm completely stuck.

## closed as off-topic by Shailesh, Claude Leibovici, Brevan Ellefsen, Nosrati, Zain PatelMay 2 '17 at 11:54

This question appears to be off-topic. The users who voted to close gave this specific reason:

• "This question is missing context or other details: Please improve the question by providing additional context, which ideally includes your thoughts on the problem and any attempts you have made to solve it. This information helps others identify where you have difficulties and helps them write answers appropriate to your experience level." – Shailesh, Claude Leibovici, Brevan Ellefsen, Nosrati
If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

• The limit is 0, though, regardless of the proof. Also, to avoid being downvoted, show what you have tried, more than just "IDK" – John Lou May 2 '17 at 2:55
• I don't see it necessary to use that theorem. The limit is 0, why? Consider the number of factors in the numerator and the number of factors in the denominator and then the size of them. It should be obvious why the limit is zero. – Dan Barry May 2 '17 at 3:06
• it's 0 because $x^x$ approaches infinity faster than $x!$, you can see this because $x^x$ is $x$ $x$'s multiplies, whereas $x!$ is roughly $sqrt(x)$ multiplied $x$ times – Jacob Claassen May 2 '17 at 3:06
• Possible duplicate of Using the sandwhich theorem to evaluate $\lim_{n \to \infty} \frac{n!}{n^n}$ – Zain Patel May 2 '17 at 11:54

## 1 Answer

Hint: Try showing that $$0 < \frac{n!}{n^n} = \boldsymbol{\frac{1}{n}} \cdot \frac{2}{n} \cdot \frac{3}{n} \cdots \frac{n-1}{n} \cdot \frac{n}{n} < \frac{1}{n}$$ for $n \ge 3$.