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I am trying to determine the following limit:

$\displaystyle\lim_{x \to \infty}{\frac{e^x}{\sinh{x}}}$

I have tried to use l'Hopital, but this doesn't work, as

$(\sinh{x})' = \cosh{x}$

$(\sinh{x})'' = \sinh{x}$

$(e^x)' = e^x$

and all those functions go to infinity as $x$ goes to infinity.

How do I prove this limit exists?

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    $\begingroup$ I wonder why many students try to apply de l'Hospital theorem before anything else, also when the answer is trivial and provided by elementary manipulations, like in this case. $\endgroup$ Commented Apr 28, 2017 at 13:55
  • $\begingroup$ I'm in grade 10, so technically I don't know calculus at all, which is kinda sad. I tried the stuff I know, which happens to be l'Hopital $\endgroup$
    – G. Ünther
    Commented Apr 28, 2017 at 14:05
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    $\begingroup$ Expand $\sinh x$ and try again. $\endgroup$
    – amd
    Commented Apr 28, 2017 at 18:26

1 Answer 1

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$$ \frac{e^x}{\sinh x} = \frac{e^x}{\frac{e^x-e^{-x}}{2}} = \frac{2e^x}{e^x-e^{-x}} = \frac{2}{1-e^{-2x}} $$ Now when $x\to \infty$ , $e^{-2x}\to 0$ and we get by arithmetic of limits that the function's limit is $\frac{2}{1-0}=2$

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  • $\begingroup$ Well, this makes sense. I didn't knew there was such a simple expression for $\sinh{x}$. Thank you! $\endgroup$
    – G. Ünther
    Commented Apr 28, 2017 at 14:02

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