I've tried a few "criteria" to check if this is irreducible. According to Maple it only has one entirely real root which I suspect is not rational but I can't prove it so I'm attempting to check if $p$ is irreducible.
Eisenstein's Criterion doesn't work here and I'm yet to find a suitable transformation such that it could work. I also read that if a polynomial is irreducible over $\Bbb F_q$, with $q$ a prime not dividing the leading coefficient, then it is irreducible over $\Bbb Q$ so I reduced the polynomial modulo $2$ to obtain
$$p \equiv x^5 + x^3 + 1 \mod 2.$$
I think this is correct but then I need to know how to check the irreducibility of this new polynomial over $\Bbb F_2$. Do I simply need to check that neither $0$ nor $1$ are roots of this polynomial? (And am I applying this theorem correctly?)
If this polynomial IS irreducible over $\Bbb Q$, is the splitting field obtained by simply adjoining the roots to $\Bbb Q$?