I have this question that I think it may be very interesting to all maths' lovers.
A cat caught $n$ (integer) mice and put them in line, numbered them from 1 to $n$, from left to right. He starts eating every other mouse, starting with the mouse at the 1st position, i.e. 1, 3, 5 ... (all mice at the odd positions will be gone). He then starts a new iteration, no matter if there is a surviving mouse at the end of the line, by going back to the left and eats every other mouse again, starting always with the first surviving mouse from the previous iteration.
Until there is one mouse left.
What is the position of the surviving mouse in the original sequence from 1 to n?