Consider the two-variable function $f(x, y) = x^ 2 + 2y^2$

(a) Find the maxima and minima of $f(x, y)$ on the unit circle $x^2 +y^2 = 1$

I have used lagrange multipies to get landa= to $1$ or $2$. Given the points$(1,0),(-1,0),(0,1),(0,-1)$. so the min would be at $(0,0)$ and the max at $(0,-1)$ and $(0,1)$

Am i right in thinking this?

Secondandly how can i sketch a contour plot of this question to show graphically mypoints of maximum and minimum. I am aware its an ellipse contour.


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    $\begingroup$ $(0,0)$ can't be part of the answer because it doesn't lie on the unit circle. $\endgroup$ – zipirovich Mar 24 '17 at 12:28

For that case we have:


because we are looking for minumim and maximum using the constrain $x^2+y^2=1$.

But $y^2=1-x^2$ so the maximum of $y^2$ is $1$ (when $x=0$) and the minimum is $0$ (when $x=\pm1$).


$$f_{max}=1+1=2\\ f_{min}=1+0=1$$

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    $\begingroup$ thank you very much! does this mean my method of lagrange multipliers is correct its just the outcome i have written to be wrong> i taught the method to my self so not 100% confident $\endgroup$ – Shem Katz Mar 24 '17 at 20:56
  • $\begingroup$ You are very welcome! $\endgroup$ – Arnaldo Mar 24 '17 at 21:09

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