# Proving that $\limsup a_n$ and $\liminf a_n$ are subsequential limits of $\{a_n\}$

Prove that if $\{a_n\}$ is a sequence, then $\limsup a_n$ and $\liminf a_n$ are subsequential limits of $\{a_n\}$.

I don't know the case where $\limsup a_n = \infty$.

• Same as for finite limsup. Oct 20 '12 at 19:22
• Please don't write the whole question in the title. This is what the body is for.
– user2468
Oct 20 '12 at 19:46
• We can actually define the limit superior and limit inferior of a sequence as the greatest and least limit point of the sequence, meaning they are subsequential limits of the sequence. With an alternate definition of them, you can prove they are indeed limit points and the if $x$ is any other limit point, it is between them. Jan 11 '13 at 23:14

$$\limsup a_n = \inf_{k}\big( \sup_{n\ge k} a_n\big)$$ This is $+\infty$ iff $\forall k:\ \sup_{n\ge k} a_n=+\infty$. Then for each given previous index $k$ and $z\in\Bbb N$, there is a next index $n\ge{k+1}$ such that $a_n>z$. This selected subsequence is thus bigger than the sequence $1,2,3,4,5,..$, hence its limit is $+\infty$.
For the case you asking for let's take this sequence: $$(-1)^{n}n$$ which is: $$\{-1,2,-3,4,-5 \cdots\}$$ for this sequence is $\liminf = - \infty$ and $\limsup = \infty$. This are limits of subsequences of odd and even terms respectivly.