This was a question on an assignment presented to my Logic & Mathematics for computer science course, and I am truly baffled as to go on to prove this by double induction:
Consider a string consisting of one or more decimal digits (0-9). Suppose you repeatedly insert a 0 to the right of the leftmost digit and then replace that string by a string of the same length which represents the result of subtracting one from that string.
ie: start with string 11 you will get the following: 11, 101, 100, 1000, 0999, 00999, 00998, and so on.
Prove by double induction, that no matter what string you start with, you will eventually get a string containing only 0's.
This question seems rather trivial on first glimpse, however trying to prove it via double induction is another thing for me. I'm having trouble deciding what the variables that I will be applying induction on will be. Obviously one of the two variables will be the string input, but what about the other? I've thought of using length but I don't see what that can do to help. What do you guys think?
Assuming I have encapsulated the variables, I plan on proceeding to prove this in the following manner given for all x and y in N. p(x,y):
Let Q(x) = for all y in N, p(x,y) Let x be arbitrary and assume for all i in N, i < x IMPLIES Q(i). We then let y in N be arbitrary then assume that for all j in N, j < y implies p(x,j).
Afterward I will use the assumption that for all i and j, p(i,j) is true such that (i < x) or (i = x and j < y).Then proceed proof.
Does that skeletal proof structure make logical sense? Double induction is still new to me and it wasn't covered whole lot in lectures so I'm rather still insecure.
I suppose it'd make more sense if we used structural induction on each variable, however we're restricted to use double induction only.
I'm sorry for the long question, I'd appreciate any input & help & insight regarding this question or in double induction in general as my Google-fu seems to be coming short on information of the latter :(.