I will probably be accused of pedantry for this answer, but I cannot help but point out that a question like this is not a math question. There are many sequences that begin 58, 26, 16, 14, 10. There are many patterns in the sequence 58, 26, 16, 14, 10, by which I mean that there are many computer programs that compute a sequence that begins this way, and they do not all finish the sequence in the same way.
I understand that what the OP is looking for is the simplest pattern in the sequence, which gives the simplest continuation of the sequence. My objection is that "simple" here has no mathematical meaning (Kolmogorov complexity will not work because it is only defined up to a constant.)
That being said, here is my preferred answer: 58, 26, 16, 14, 10, 666, 666, 666, 666, 666,...
The pattern is that Satan put the first five numbers there to mislead clever people and the rest of them are 666.