# Given joint PDF $f(x, y) = 8xy\mathbf 1_D(x, y)$, calculate PDF of $Z = \max\{|X|, |Y|\}$

Given joint PDF $f(x, y) = 8xy\mathbf 1_D(x, y)$, where $D = \{(x, y) \in \mathbb R^2 \mid 0 < x < y < 1\}$, calculate PDF of $Z = \max\{|X|, |Y|\}$.

I don't know what I'm doing wrong, but I observed that $|X| = X$ and $|Y| = Y$, since $X$ and $Y$ have non-zero density on $D$, which is just comprised by points with positive coordinates.

Then I calculated the densities of $X$ and $Y$: \begin{align*} f_X(x) &= \int_x^1 8xy\mathbf 1_D(x, y)\,\mathrm dy = 4x(1-x^2)\mathbf 1_{(0, 1)}(x) \\ f_Y(y) &= \int_0^y 8xy\mathbf 1_D(x, y)\,\mathrm dx = 4y^3\mathbf 1_{(0, 1)}(y) \end{align*} from which I found the CDFs (with $x \in (0, 1)$ and $y \in (0, 1)$): \begin{align*} F_X(x) &= \int_0^x f_X(s)\,\mathrm ds = 2x^2 - x^4\\ F_Y(y) &= \int_0^y f_Y(s)\,\mathrm ds = y^4 \end{align*}

Hence, for $z \in (0, 1)$, $$F_Z(z) = \mathbb P[X \le z]\mathbb P[Y \le z] = z^4(2z^2 - z^4)$$ from which, using $f_Z(z) = \frac{\mathrm dF_Z(z)}{\mathrm dz}$, $$\boxed{f_Z(z) = (12z^5 - 8z^7)\mathbf 1_{(0, 1)}(z)}$$

Solution says $$\boxed{f_Z(z) = 4z^3\mathbf 1_{(0, 1)}(z)}$$

Where did I go wrong?

## 1 Answer

Because the domain of the joint pdf is $D = \{(x, y) \in \mathbb R^2 \mid 0 < x < y < 1\}$, the maximum of $X$ and $Y$ is always $Y$. That is, we need $Y$'s marginal density:

$$f_{\max(X,Y)}(y)=f_Y(y)=8y\int_0^yx\ dx=4y^3$$

over $y\in[0,1]$, $0$ otherwise.

So, your calculations derailed when you did not stop after getting $f_Y$.

• I see, it was simple. I thought that my approach were nevertheless correct in theory, until I realized that $X$ and $Y$ are not independent and thus I cannot use $\mathbb P[X \le z, Y \le z] = \mathbb P[X \le z]\mathcal P[Y \le Z]$. – J. Doe Feb 18 '17 at 14:08
• I voted you answer up but the system does not count my vote because I have too little reputation. – J. Doe Feb 18 '17 at 14:08
• @J.Doe: have you enough reputation now? – zoli Feb 18 '17 at 14:13
• Not yet, gonna get to 15, I'm at 8. With a new question I'll get there. I think the system remembers the vote and when I have sufficient rep it'll show. – J. Doe Feb 18 '17 at 15:42