# Prove that $\prod \limits_{cyc}(a^3+a+1 ) \leq 27$

Let $a,b,c > 0$ such that $a^2 + b^2 + c^2 =3$. Prove that

$$(a^3+a+1)(b^3+b+1)(c^3+c+1) \leq 27$$

My attempt :

Let $\lambda = \prod \limits_{cyc} a^3+a+1$ .

Applying AM-GM on the set $\{(a^3+a+1),(b^3+b+1),(c^3+c+1)\}$ :

$$\lambda^{\frac{1}{3}}\leq\dfrac{\sum \limits_{cyc} a^3+a^2+a}{3} \leq \dfrac{\sum \limits_{cyc} a^3 +2a^2 }{3} = 2+\dfrac{a^3+b^3+c^3}{3}$$

I am struck now and do not how to proceed. The question seems easy but I can not figure out the right strategy. Also, C-S does not seem to help.

Thanks in Advance !

• I've read this somewhere before (which is why the proof has no context). Beats me where the source was. – S.C.B. Feb 14 '17 at 15:11
• Really? I think I saw it somewhere else. – S.C.B. Feb 14 '17 at 15:14
• So do you understand my answer? – S.C.B. Feb 14 '17 at 15:18
• For example, @Nirbhay see here. – S.C.B. Feb 14 '17 at 15:38
• Just try to ignore them. – S.C.B. Feb 16 '17 at 8:55

## 1 Answer

From the expansion of $a^4-4a^3+6a^2-4a+1=(a-1)^{4} \ge 0$, we can simply the equation to get the following: $$4a^3+4a+4 \le a^4+6a^2+5$$

So we have that $$\prod_{cyc}(a^3+a+1)\leq\frac{1}{4^3}\prod_{cyc}(a^2+1)\prod_{cyc}(a^2+5) \le 27$$ From $\text{AM-GM}$ Inequality. We have the desired result.