Let $k$ be a field. Then $k[x]/(x^2)$ has only one prime ideal.
It is clear that $(X)$ is the maximal ideal thus prime where $X$ is the class elements $x$. How do I know there aren't other prime ideals? I tried to define homomorphism $\phi':k[x]/(x^2)\to k$ by evaluation but it seems there is no other way to define the map well defined other than evaluating at 0 due to $\phi'([f])=\phi'([g])$ not equal for different representatives.