Please, take a look at The Chinese Remainder Theorem for Rings. for the theorem. My text gives an example to show that the theorem is not true for the non-commutative case. I do not understand the example so I hope that you can explain to me.
Example: Consider the ring $R$ of non-commutative real polynomials in $X$ and $Y$. Let $I$ be the principle two-sided ideal generated by $X$ and $J$ be the principle two-sided ideal generated by $XY + 1$. Then $I + J = R$ but $I \cap J \neq IJ$.
Can you explain to me why $I + J = R$ and why $I \cap J \neq IJ$? Thanks.