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My question is related to this one, but it has some important differences.

Consider a Noetherian, local domain $A$ and fix a prime ideal $\mathfrak p \subset A$.

Notation: The symbol $\widehat R$ indicates the completion of $R$ with respect to its maximal ideal if $R$ is a local domain.

Consider the embedding $A\to \hat A$ and let $\mathfrak P\subset\hat A $ a prime ideal lying over $\mathfrak p$ (I mean that $\mathfrak P\cap A=\mathfrak p$).

What is the relationship between $\widehat{A_\mathfrak p}$ and $\hat A_\mathfrak P$?

If $$\text{Br}(\mathfrak p):=\{\mathfrak P_1,\ldots, \mathfrak P_n\}$$ is the set of ideals lying over $\mathfrak p$, my bet is that:

$$\widehat{A_\mathfrak p}=\prod_{i}\hat A_{\mathfrak P_i}$$

Is the above statement true? If yes, can you give a reference for the proof?

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  • $\begingroup$ Since $\iota: A \rightarrow \hat{A}$ is such that $\iota(\mathfrak{p}) \subset \mathfrak{P}$, certainly we have a map $\widehat{A_{\mathfrak{p}}} \simeq A_\mathfrak{p} \otimes_A \hat{A} \rightarrow \hat{A}_\mathfrak{P}$. It seems that this map is not likely to be nice (i.e., not integral so that lying over theorems will not apply). $\endgroup$ – walkar Feb 7 '17 at 17:44
  • $\begingroup$ Maybe stacks.math.columbia.edu/tag/07N9, can be useful $\endgroup$ – notsure Feb 7 '17 at 17:48
  • $\begingroup$ That requires an integral map (I assume finite ring map means $S$ is module finite over $R$) to begin with, and I don't see a natural one floating around there. $\endgroup$ – walkar Feb 7 '17 at 17:51
  • $\begingroup$ I think we just need that the induced (and reversing arrows) map between affine schemes ha finite fibres. They quote lemma 10.35.21 (in the above link) . $\endgroup$ – notsure Feb 7 '17 at 17:54
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    $\begingroup$ Perhaps math.stackexchange.com/questions/38152/… will help $\endgroup$ – Andres Mejia Feb 7 '17 at 18:14
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I talked with a professor about this topic and he was skeptical that there would be anything you can say in general or even in nice cases.

First, in my initial comment, I lied a little -- $\widehat{A_\mathfrak{p}} \not \simeq A_\mathfrak{p}\otimes_A \hat{A}$ in general.

Furthermore, I think you run into issues when you want to compare $\widehat{A_\mathfrak{p}}$ and $\hat{A}_\mathfrak{P}$. Notably, $\widehat{A_\mathfrak{p}}$ is a complete ring whereas $\hat{A}_\mathfrak{P}$ is not complete.

Another issue; say $(A,\mathfrak{p})$ is an normal local domain. Then $\widehat{A_\mathfrak{p}}$ is also a domain, but $\prod_i \hat{A}_{\mathfrak{P}_i}$ cannot be a domain (as products of rings are never domains).

Another thing; you seem to assume that any prime in $A$ should only have finitely many primes lying over it in $\hat{A}$, but there's no reason to expect that.

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