Let $M:=D^4\cup_\phi D^3\times S^1$, where $\phi$ is the smashing product, i.e.$\phi:S^2\times S^1\overset{\wedge}\to S^3$.


  • Is $M$ a manifold, since $\phi$ is not a smooth.

  • Can we find a smooth map $f:S^2\times S^1\to S^3$ which is homotopic to $\phi$.


For your first question you should check whether the resulting space satisfies Poincaré duality; not all topological spaces do, but all topological manifolds do.

For your second question the answer is yes, as seen here. This is a standard result in differential topology.


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