# What is the point of a $1\times 1$ matrix?

Surely a $1\times 1$ matrix can only 'produce' vectors with 1 entry, and can take as input also only one entry vectors.

So, is there any use for $1\times 1$ matrices?

Since to me they do the same like scalars, only worse.

• "can take as input also only one entry vectors" Technically correct, but it can multiply any any horizontal $1 \times n$ vector. – 6005 Jan 21 '17 at 1:37
• @6005 oh, I wasn't aware of that, I didn't even knew such things exist! – SAJW Jan 21 '17 at 1:39
• Often you might use it to start an induction. Or you might think of the diagonalization of a matrix as representing a linear operator as the sum of $1\times 1$ linear operators. – Thomas Andrews Jan 21 '17 at 1:43
• Don't make things less simpler than they really are! If you implement an algorithm to do operations on matrices, you do not have to convert it to scalars for the special case 1x1. Mathematics is full of examples of neutrality such as x+0, x-0, x*1, x/1, x^1, operations that don't do anything to the input they receive, but you need them! – sergiol Jan 21 '17 at 1:53
• Why exclude such things? It would make statements about matrices unnecessarily complicated. – copper.hat Jan 21 '17 at 1:54

Maybe the point of $1\times 1$ matrices is to not have to change the definition of matrix to exclude the $1\times 1$ case.
• Also scalar multiplication can be thought of as multiplication by a $1 \times 1$ matrix – 6005 Jan 21 '17 at 1:37
The point of a $n\times n$ (or $m\times n$)matrix is usually to generalize to $n$ dimensions what you already knew in $1$-dimension. And the point of the $1\times 1$ matrix is to give you back what you knew in $1$-dimension. So you won't need to prove something twice, once for 1-dimension and once for multiple dimensions (ಠ‿ಠ)