This question already has an answer here:
New to this, sorry for bad formatting but:
The largest know prime number is a Mersenne Prime Number, i.e. it is in the form $2^n-1$. Whilst this is big, the last known prime number before this was millions of digits shorter. Take the list $2, 3, 5, 7, 11,\cdots$ in the list $11$ is the largest (prime) number. We know all the prime numbers before $11$, though. So, a better way to ask would be as stated below:
What is the largest prime number where we know all the prime numbers before it? Doing some research, I've found that we know the first $50$ million primes or so, but I'm sure with all the computing power we humans have, that cannot be the limit.