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A person wishes to visit $6$ cities, each exactly twice, and never visiting the same city twice in a row. In how many ways can this be done ?


I tried by inclusion exclusion.

But Having a problem in finding the total number of outcomes ?

I guess total number of outcomes can be found by using multinomial coefficients like $(12!)/(2!)(2!)(2!)(2!)(2!)(2!)$.


Am i proceeding correct ?

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  • $\begingroup$ Do not confuse the phrases probability with number of outcomes. $\endgroup$ – JMoravitz Dec 21 '16 at 4:03
  • $\begingroup$ @JMoravitz ohh. My Bad. $\endgroup$ – Jon Garrick Dec 21 '16 at 4:05
  • $\begingroup$ @JMoravitz Thanks for the edit. Am I right here ? $\endgroup$ – Jon Garrick Dec 21 '16 at 4:07
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    $\begingroup$ Well, the denominator is now correct, and if you have applied PIE correctly, so should the numerator be. $\endgroup$ – true blue anil Dec 21 '16 at 4:15
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Proceeding via inclusion-exclusion: There are $2^{n-6}(12-n)!$ arrangements in which $n$ particular cities are visited twice in a row, so there are $$ 2^{-6}\sum_{n=0}^6(-2)^n\binom6n(12-n)!=2631600 $$ arrangements in which no city is visited twice in a row.

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