# Basis and coordinates in polynomial vector space

The vector space $$P_2(\mathbb{R})$$ has a basis of $$(P_1(x),P_2(x),P_3(x))$$ and the polynomials $$Q_1(x)=3+2x+7x^2, Q_2(x)=2+x+4x^2, Q_3(x)=5+2x^2$$ with respect to this basis have the coordinates $$(1,-2,0), \, (1,-1,0)$$ and $$(0,1,1)$$.

Determine the three basis vectors $$P_1(x), P_2(x)$$ and $$P_3(x)$$.

How do I determine this? I have tried setting up a change of basis matrix $$Q_1, Q_2, Q_3$$ as columns and then calculated the matrix vector product with each coordinate, but it wasn't correct. Not sure what to do now.

Solve the system $$\begin{bmatrix} \mid &\mid & \mid \\ P_1 &P_2 & P_3\\\mid&\mid&\mid\end{bmatrix} \begin{bmatrix}1&1&0\\-2&-1&1\\0&0&1\end{bmatrix} = \begin{bmatrix} 3&2&5\\2&1&0\\7&4&2 \end{bmatrix}$$
With respect to a standard basis $\{1,x,x^2\}$, you can write:
$P\left[\begin{matrix} 1 & 1 & 0 \\ -2 & -1 & 1 \\ 0 & 0 & 1 \end{matrix}\right]=\left[\begin{matrix} 3 & 2 & 5 \\ 2 & 1 & 0 \\ 7 & 4 & 2 \end{matrix}\right]$
Can you solve that for $P$?
You have $$\begin{pmatrix}1&-2&0 \\ 1&-1&0 \\0&1&1 \end{pmatrix}\begin{pmatrix}P_1\\P_2\\P_3\end{pmatrix}=\begin{pmatrix}Q_1\\Q_2\\Q_3\end{pmatrix}$$