Consider the following points;






If all of these are connected, it leaves a rectangular-based pyramid with a variable vertex (E). Is there any way to compare the angle at this vertex as x and y or are angles limited to a single plane involved in the shape? TO put this into a bit more context, the closer E is to the origin, logically, this 'angle' or measurement would be larger than if E was farther away.

Best Regards,


  • $\begingroup$ Excuse me but what angle of vertex (E) do you want to compare? We are in a 3D, do you want yo compare a 2D angle? $\endgroup$ – Ching-Ting Wu Nov 26 '16 at 15:43
  • $\begingroup$ There's a formula here: en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solid_angle. Look for Pyramid and browse till the end of the paragraph. $\endgroup$ – N74 Nov 26 '16 at 17:22


In the point $E$ are concurrent four sides of the pyramid $\overline{EA}$, $\overline{EB}$, $\overline{EC}$, $\overline{ED}$.

If you want find the angles between any two of them you have to find the vectors parallel to the sides, e.g. $$ \vec {EA}=(-x,-4-y,4)^T \qquad \vec {EB}=(-x,4-y,4)^T $$ than the angle $\theta$ between them is given can be found by means of the dot product:

$$ \theta=\arccos\left(\frac{\vec{EA}\cdot \vec{EB}}{|\vec {EA}||\vec{EB}|} \right) $$

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  • $\begingroup$ That makes sense. However, the application I am trying to work towards is a comparison of the angle available. There is a way around this but I am unsure if it is mathematically sound. Can I simply add all four of these angles and use that value for different points of E for comparison? $\endgroup$ – Yazan Nov 26 '16 at 16:16
  • $\begingroup$ You can add the four angles and note that the sum has its maximum value $2\pi$ when $E$ is the plane of the basis. $\endgroup$ – Emilio Novati Nov 26 '16 at 17:16
  • $\begingroup$ Sorry, one last question: What is it you mean by "plane of the basis"? And why do they add up to 2pi? $\endgroup$ – Yazan Nov 27 '16 at 15:50
  • $\begingroup$ I've added a figure to my answer. The plane of the basis is the plane that contain $A,B,C,D$ , that is the plane $x=0$. You can see that if $E$ is a point on this plane (i.e. the height of the pyramid is null) than it is a poin on the side $CD$ and the sum of the angle with the common vertex at $E$ is $360°$. $\endgroup$ – Emilio Novati Nov 27 '16 at 16:33

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