# a Noetherian , semi-Artinian module is Artinian. [closed]

A semi-Artinian module is a module which every nonzero quotient of it contains a simple submodule.

How can I prove that if a module is both semi-Artinian and Noetherian, it is Artinian?

## closed as off-topic by user26857, E. Joseph, Davide Giraudo, Stefan Mesken, ShaileshNov 28 '16 at 0:04

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• Changed the question in the title to be the question in the body – rschwieb Nov 18 '16 at 21:47

Suppose $M\ne0$ or the statement is obvious. Since $M=M/0$ has a simple submodule, the set of artinian submodules of $M$ has a maximal element $L$. If $L\ne M$, then $M/L$ has a simple submodule $S/L$. Then $$0\to L\to S\to S/L\to 0$$ is an exact sequence with $L$ and $S/L$ artinian.
$M$ contains a simple submodule, call it $S_1$. $M/S_1$ contains a simple submodule, call it $S_2/S_1$. Continuing this way, $M/S_n$ contains a simple submodule $S_{n+1}$. During this entire process, $S_i\subseteq S_{i+1}$.
Show that $M=S_N$ for some $N$. Furthermore, the series $S_1\subseteq S_2\subseteq\ldots$ is of a special type. This will tell you that $M$ is Artinian.