# Measurable sequence of functions have some linear combination that is infinity at a null set

I want to show that if $\{f_n\}$ is a sequence of measurable functions, then there are positive $\{c_n\}$s such that $\sum c_nf_n$ converge almost everywhere.

I don't really see how to approach this... any tips?

• Let $f_n=x^n$. I am wondering how can we find $c_n$ such that $\sum c_n f_n$ is convergent a.e.? – polfosol Nov 2 '16 at 7:49
• @polfosol: This is not too hard, even with convergence everywhere: Choose $c_n = \frac{1}{n!}$, then $\sum c_n f_n(x) = e^x$ for all $x$. – PhoemueX Nov 2 '16 at 8:27
• @PhoemueX thanks. I needed some intuition – polfosol Nov 2 '16 at 9:56

I will assume that the underlying measure space has finite measure. This will also prove the claim for $\sigma$-finite measure spaces, since on each such measure space, there is an equivalent measure (with the same null sets) that is finite. I don't think the claim is true for general (non $\sigma$-finite) measure spaces.
For each $n$, we have$$0 = \mu\left(\bigcap_N \{x : |f_n(x)| \geq N\}\right) = \lim_N \mu(\{x : |f_n(x)| \geq N\}).$$ Hence, we can choose $N_n$ such that $M_n := \{x : |f_n(x)| \geq N_n\}$ satisfies $\mu(M_n) \leq 2^{-n}$. We have $\sum_n \mu(M_n) < \infty$, so the Borel-Cantelli lemma shows that for each $x \in X \setminus N$ (where $X$ is the underlying measure space and $N$ is a set of measure zero), we have $|f_n(x)| \leq N_n$ for all but finitely many (depending on $x$) $n$. Now let $c_n := \frac{1}{N_n 2^n}$ and note that $c_n |f_n(x)| \leq 2^{-n}$ for all but finitely many (depending on $x$) $n$. This easily implies the claim.