Given any acute angle Ө and a known line which divides it in the ratio Ө/n where n $\ge 2$ is a real number, can we construct a line, using compass and unmarked ruler, which divides the angle in the ratio Ө/n+1? In other words, if an angle bisector is given, we want to find an angle trisector and if a line that divides an angle in the ration 1:5.2 then we want to draw a line which divides the angle in the ration 1:6.2.
It is know the dividing an angle in the ratio 1:3 some other ratios is not possible in general because of the impossibility of constructing transcendental numbers.
The construction given below however seems to give an approximate division of the angle in the ratio Ө/n+1 for any n $\ge 2$,
Question 1: For a given Ө and n, can we quantify the error between the exact value of Ө/n+1 and the approximate division of the angle in the ratio Ө/n+1?
Let [COB] = Ө be any acute angle and OI be a line such that [IOB] = Ө/n, where n is a positive integer greater than or equal to 2.
With O as center and radius OC, draw an arc to cut OB at D.
Join CD and draw DJ perpendicular to OB.
Let OI intersect DJ at I and the arc CD at K.
Extend DK and OC to intersect at G.
Let OI intersect CD at E.
Extend GE to intersect OB at H.
Join IH to intersect GD at F.
Draw a line OA through F.
[AOB] is the required angle which is approximately equal to Ө/(n + 1).