I have a symmetric matrix A and the vectors x,y. I'm struggling to show that $x^TAx = y^TAy$ if $\|x\|=\|y\|$ for example taking the 2-norm, could anyone help me out here?
Thanks a lot!
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Take the case of $2\times2$ symmetric matrix that is singular. Then the equation $v^TAv=0$ can be translated ( $x$ and $y$ as real variables, not vectors), $ax^2+bxy+cy^2=0$. This is a conic. For example $x^2-2xy+y^2=0$, will represent the double line). It has infinitely many points/solutions.
So $v^TAv=w^TAw (=0)$ happens for distinct vectors $v,w$.