# probability expected payment

Company XYZ provides a warranty on a product that it produces. Each year, the number of warranty claims follows a Poisson distribution with mean c. The probability that no warranty claims are received in any given year is 0.60. Company XYZ purchases an insurance policy that will reduce its overall warranty claim payment costs. The insurance policy will pay nothing for the first warranty claim received and 5000 for each claim thereafter until the end of the year. Calculate the expected amount of annual insurance policy payments to Company XYZ.

My solution y= payment by insurance company $$y=\begin{cases} {0} & \text{if } x=0\\ 5000(x-1) & \text{if } x\geq1,\\ \end{cases}$$

c=0.5018 $p(x=0)=\frac{(e^-c)*(c^0)}{0!}=0.60$ so $c=0.5108$ so the mean of x is 0.5108 so $E[x]=0.5108$ $E[y]=\sum 0*p(x=0)+5000(x-1)*p(x\geq1)=0*06+5000(x-1)*0.4=2000E[x]-2000=-976$ Correct answer is 554,I would like to know if my function for payment is correct and what would be my next step.

• I don't understand your method. The expected payout is $E=\sum_{n=2}^{\infty}5000\times (n-1)\times p_n$ where $p_n$ is the probability of getting exactly $n$ claims. Fairly easy computation from there. By the way, I get $c\sim .51082$ which is slightly different than what you say. – lulu Aug 30 '16 at 17:43
• Where in your calculation are you using the fact that this is a Poisson process? In my formula (in my comment) I use it in evaluating $p_n$. Indeed, $p_n=\frac {c^ne^{-c}}{n!}$. I then advise computing the sum numerically...you only need to sum the first dozen or so terms (probably fewer, really). – lulu Aug 30 '16 at 17:49
• yes I'm using the Poisson probability mass function,and c=0.5108 I rounded wrong.So when do I know when to stop? – Theo Robinson Aug 30 '16 at 18:01
• show me where in your formula you use the Poisson formula. As it stands, you have written $E$ as a function of a variable $x$, which makes no sense. $E$ is a number, not a function. – lulu Aug 30 '16 at 18:03
• $E$ is expected value in this case – Theo Robinson Aug 30 '16 at 18:17

We know: $X\sim\mathcal {Pois}(c)$ and $\mathsf P(X=0)=0.60$.
Since the first fact means that $\mathsf P(X=x)~=~\dfrac{c^x\mathsf e^{-cx}}{x!}\mathbf 1_{x\in\Bbb N}$ , we can easily calculate $c$ knowing the second fact.
We know $Y := 5000(X-1)^+~$ which is $~Y=5000\max(X-1,0)$
Then $\mathsf E(Y) = 5000~\mathsf E(X-1\mid X\geq 1)~\mathsf P(X\geq 1) \color{silver}{+ \require{cancel}\cancel{0~\mathsf P(X=0)}}$