The following exercise in an analysis text and I am trying to solve it without concepts of general topology but fail.
Show that there does not exist a strictly increasing function $f : \mathbb Q \to \mathbb R$ such that $f(\mathbb Q) = \mathbb R$.
Attempt 1. Suppose that the function $f(D) = \mathbb R$ is monotone. If its image $f(D)$ is an interval, then the function $f$ is continuous. So, if we suppose by contradiction that a strictly increasing function $f : \mathbb Q \to \mathbb R$ exists such that $f(\mathbb Q) = \mathbb R$ it must be continuous.
Attempt 2. Since intersection of the set of irrational numbers of the domain is empty so by a convergence of a sequence in the domain $\mathbb Q$ in either case of converging to a rational or irrational number there is nothing to reach a contradiction.
Attempt 3. The function $f$ is injective and it's not surjective so the inverse function is not defined such that I can use theorems about an inverse of a function.