Playing with a pencil and paper notebook I noticed the following:
$64-27 = 37$
$27-8 = 19$
$8-1 = 7$
I noticed a pattern for first 1..10 (in the above example I just compute the first 3 exponents) exponent values, where the difference is always 6 for increasing exponentials. So to compute $x^3$ for $x=5$, instead of $5\times 5\times 5$, use $(18+6)+37+64 = 125$.
I doubt I've discovered something new, but is there a name for calculating exponents in this way? Is there a proof that it works for all numbers?
There is a similar less complicated pattern for computing $x^2$ values.