I know that a function $f:A→\mathbb{R}$ is not uniformly continuous iff there exists $ϵ>0$ and there exist sequences $(x_n)$ and $(y_n)$ in $A$ such that $\lim_{n→∞} |x_n-y_n|=0$ and $|f(x_n)-f(y_n)|≥ϵ$ for all $n∈\mathbb{N}$.

I want to know if there is any other method to disprove the uniform continuity of a function, either by boundlessness of the function (or its derivative), or by using the graph of the function.

Thank you.

  • $\begingroup$ You can also find a Cauchy sequence $(x_n)_n$ such that $(f(x_n))_n$ is not Cauchy. $\endgroup$
    – Clement C.
    Jul 30, 2016 at 4:32
  • $\begingroup$ Yes but any method by graph or boundlessness $\endgroup$ Jul 30, 2016 at 4:34

1 Answer 1


On an open and bounded interval $(a,b)$:

Theorem. If $f\colon(a,b)\to\mathbb{R}$ is uniformly continuous, then it can be extended by continuity into a continuous (and thus uniformly continuous) function $\tilde{f}\colon[a,b]\to\mathbb{R}$.

As contrapositive, we get that if $f$ is unbounded on $(a,b)$, then it cannot be uniformly continuous. (Otherwise, it could be extended into a continuous $\tilde{f}$ bounded on $[a,b]$.)

This fails if you consider an unbounded interval, of course. $f\colon x\in[0,\infty)\mapsto \sqrt{x}$ is uniformly continuous, but not quite bounded.

  • $\begingroup$ Sin (1/x) on (0,1) can be the counter example for this as it is boundede on [0,1] but not uniformly continuous $\endgroup$ Jul 30, 2016 at 5:04
  • $\begingroup$ @AshokSinghBhandari How is it a counterexample? It is simply a case where it does not apply. $\endgroup$
    – Clement C.
    Jul 30, 2016 at 5:10
  • $\begingroup$ So can we say that theorem is not applicable on every function? $\endgroup$ Jul 30, 2016 at 5:15
  • $\begingroup$ If it is not bounded, then it is not uniformly continuous. That's an implication, not an equivalence; if the $f$ is bounded, you cannot say anything with this... $\endgroup$
    – Clement C.
    Jul 30, 2016 at 5:17
  • $\begingroup$ But f(x)= x is not bounded on R but still uniformly continuous $\endgroup$ Jul 30, 2016 at 5:20

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