I multiplied by the conjugate and was able to simplify this to


so the series will converge, as the values go to zero as $n$ goes to $\infty$. However, I can't figure out for which $x$ it converges. I want to say it's for all $x>0$, but I'm not sure how to justify this.

Any help appreciated!

  • 3
    $\begingroup$ if the values goes to $0$ that does not implies the series converges. $\endgroup$ – Kushal Bhuyan Jul 4 '16 at 14:14

Hint: Your rewriting is indeed very useful. By limit comparison or just plain comparison, your series converges iff $\sum \frac{1}{n^{x+1/2}}$ converges. Now use known results about $p$-series. The conclusion should be that we have convergence if and only if $x\gt 1/2$.


If $\;x>\frac12\iff x=\frac12+\epsilon\,,\,\,\epsilon>0\;$ :

$$\frac1{n^x\left(\sqrt{n+1}+\sqrt n\right)}=\frac1{n^{1/2+\epsilon}\left(\sqrt{n+1}+\sqrt n\right)}\le\frac1{n^{1/2+\epsilon}\sqrt n}=\frac1{n^{1+\epsilon}}$$

and we have convergence by comparison.

If $\;x<\frac12\;$

$$\frac1{n^x\left(\sqrt{n+1}+\sqrt n\right)}\ge\frac1{n^{1/2}\left(\sqrt{n+1}+\sqrt n\right)}\ge\frac1{2n^{1/2}(n+1)^{1/2}}\ge\frac12\frac1{\sqrt{n+1}}$$

and the series diverges, again by comparison.


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