# Finding the Taylor series of $\arcsin(1-x)$

I'm trying to calculate the Taylor series of $$\arcsin(1-x)$$ about $$x=0$$. I'm having trouble because I can't compute the derivative there.

I can see the correct solution on WolframAlpha (http://www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=taylor+series+arcsin(1-x)), but I'd like to know how to derive it. I found a similar question regarding the Taylor series for $$\arccos(1-x)$$ (Taylor expansion of $\arccos(1-x)$ around $x=0$ to two terms), but the derivation takes advantage of the fact that $$\arccos(1-x) << 1$$, which is not the case for arcsin.

Any help would be greatly appreciated.

• Notice that the function is defined for $0<x<2$ Commented Jun 24, 2016 at 2:26
• Why can't you compute the derivative there? Commented Jun 24, 2016 at 2:30
• I got as far as $\frac{d}{dx}arcsin(1-x) = -\frac{1}{\sqrt{1-(1-x)^2}} = -\frac{1}{\sqrt{2x-x^2}}$ and didn't know how to proceed from there because the denominator is $0$ at $x=0$.
– user349852
Commented Jun 24, 2016 at 3:21

Let $f(x)=\arcsin(1-x)$ for $x\in[0,2]$.

Since the derivative of $f(x)=O\left( x^{-1/2}\right)$ for $x\sim 0$, we let $t=x^{1/2}$ and $g(t)=\arcsin(1-t^2)$.

We will now develop the first few terms of the Taylor series for $g(t)$ around $t=0$.

We have for the first derivative $g^{(1)}(t)$

\begin{align} g^{(1)}(t)&=-\frac{2t}{\sqrt{1-(1-t^2)^2}}\\\\ &=-\frac{2}{\sqrt{2-t^2}}\tag 1 \end{align}

Differentiating the right-hand side of $(1)$, we obtain the second derivative, $g^{(2)}(t)$

\begin{align} g^{(2)}(t)&=-\frac{2t}{(2-t^2)^{3/2}}\tag 2 \end{align}

Continuing, we have for $g^{(3)}(t)$

\begin{align} g^{(3)}(t)&=-\frac{4(t^2+1)}{(2-t^2)^{5/2}}\tag 3 \end{align}

And finally, we have for $g^{(4)}(t)$

\begin{align} g^{(4)}(t)&=-\frac{12t(t^2+3)}{(2-t^2)^{7/2}}\tag 4 \end{align}

We evaluate $(1)-(4)$ at $t=0$ and form the expansion

$$\bbox[5px,border:2px solid #C0A000]{\arcsin(1-x)=\frac{\pi}{2}-\sqrt{2}x^{1/2}-\frac{\sqrt{2}}{12}x^{3/2}+O\left(x^{5/2}\right)}$$