5
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I think they do something unnecessary in my notes in the proof of the following lemma:

enter image description here

The idea of the proof is to partially order the set $\Sigma$ of pairs $(X_i, f_i)$ where $X_i$ is a linear subspace of $X$ containing $Y$ and $f_i : X_i \to \mathbb R$ is a linear map. Then apply Zorn to get a maximal element $(X^\prime, f^\prime)$ and show that $X^\prime = X$. The way to do this is by contradiction. One assumes that there is a point $z$ in $X \setminus X^\prime$ and then defines a $g$ such that $(X^{\prime \prime}, g) $ where $X^{\prime \prime} $ is spanned by $z$ and $X^\prime$ is strictly greater than $(X^\prime, f^\prime)$ in $\Sigma$, contradicting maximality.

In the notes we define $g$ in terms of $f^\prime$: If $z \in X \setminus X^\prime$ and $y \in X^{\prime \prime}$ then $g(y) = f^\prime(x^\prime) + \lambda c$ for some $\lambda$ and some $x^\prime \in X^\prime$. All we need to show is $g \leq p$. And this is the part where I think they are doing something superfluous. They pick $c \in [A,B]$ (see below) where I think it's enough to pick $c \leq B$:

enter image description here

If those pngs aren't readable then you can also find the proof in these notes at the very start of chapter 6. Thanks for your help.

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    $\begingroup$ How do you prove (6.2) and treat the case of $\lambda \lt 0$ in (6.3) if $c \lt A$? $\endgroup$ – t.b. Aug 14 '12 at 10:13
  • $\begingroup$ @t.b. Let me see, I think I ignored the case $\lambda < 0$ in my proof! : ) Thank you! $\endgroup$ – Rudy the Reindeer Aug 14 '12 at 10:14
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    $\begingroup$ In your sketch of the Zornication part of the proof you probably wanted "$f$ is a linear function majorized by $p$" instead of "$f$ is a continuous linear functional". $\endgroup$ – Martin Sleziak Aug 14 '12 at 10:55
  • $\begingroup$ @MartinSleziak Yep, that's right! Thank you! $\endgroup$ – Rudy the Reindeer Aug 14 '12 at 10:59
  • $\begingroup$ @MartinSleziak could you give me what is the argument behind the choosen interval? I don't see what's the reason behind this choice. And moreover, why should inf and sup of axtually give a closed interval. Thanks $\endgroup$ – sky90 Jul 12 '15 at 5:38

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