Question: What is the minimum number of students required in a discrete mathematics class to be sure that at least six will receive the same grade, if there are five possible grades, $A, B, C, D$, and $F$?
Solution: The minimum number of students to ensure that at least six students receive the same grade is the smallest integer $N$ such that $⌈N/6⌉ = 6$. The smallest such integer is $N = 5 \cdot 5 + 1 = 26$. If you have only $25$ students, it is possible for there to be five who have received each grade so that no six students have received the same grade. Thus, $26$ is the minimum number of students needed to ensure that at least six students will receive the same grade.
Doubt: Why we get $5.5+1$?
Can someone clearly explain?
I think because of $K+1$ on Pigeon Hole Principle, if so why $5$ multiply by $5$ again?