$r(t)$ is a unit 4-vector. The derivatives of $r$ are known and well-behaved.
I'm interested in images of $r$ in stereographic projection – but (for purposes of this question) I don't yet know where the projection centre will be. Is there a convenient way to know what is the maximum possible curvature in the image of $r$ (around a given $t$), over all possible projection centres?
Context: some of my 3D prints, like this Klein bottle, are such projections. I prefer to adapt the spacing of the sample-points to the local curvature. To save time, I'd like to generate a ‘master’ design that can be projected from different centres, with the sample-points dense enough everywhere for each projection.