I have not used Matlab's DWT functions too much as I mostly build my own functions, but in general the most commonly used DWTs are dyadic, which means they subsample a factor of two for each scale. So you will get discrete "frequencies" : one frequency which is double, one which is x4 one which is x8 and so on. Each time the number of samples will be halved. So say you do a 3 level dwt of a 128 sample signal
- 1st level: low pass will get 64 samples, high pass 64 samples (what I suspect you are looking at)
- 2nd level: low pass on the 64 previously low passed will get 32 low pass, and 32 high pass
- 3rd level: low pass on the 32 previously low passed will get 16 low, pass and 16 high pass
So the result is split into 4 frequency bands: 16,16,32,64 samples. The ones with fewest samples will be containing the "coarsest" details or lowest frequencies.
You can type "help dwt" to see exactly what it does, my suspicion is that it does one level and that you have to call it again with the low frequency one to get second level and so on.