Why polynomial functions f(x)+g(x) is the same notation as (f+g)(x)? I've seen the sum of polynomials as f(x)+g(x) before, but never seen a notation as with a operator in a prenthesis as (f+g)(x). And author puts (f+g)(x) at the first.
Source: Linear Algebra and Its Applications, Gareth Williams
Definition 8. Let X and Y be sets. A function from X to Y is a triple (f, X, Y), where f is a relation from X to Y satisfying
(a) Dom(f) = X.
(b) If (x, y)$\in f$ and (x, z) $\in f$, then y=z.
"We shall adhere to the custom of writing f: $X\space \rightarrow Y$ instead of (f, X, Y) and $y=f(x)$ instead of $(x,\space y) \in f$."
Source: Set Theory You-Feng Lin, Shwu-Yeng T.Lin